Scabies is a common parasitic infection of global proportion. It is a skin Infection. Scabies caused by microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabei. Scabies characterized by superficial burrows, intense pruritus (itching) and secondary infection. Scabies can affect anyone regardless of age, gender, or personal hygiene. The scabies mite is an obligate parasite and completes its entire life cycle on humans. Scabies is contagious, and is usually transmitted by skin-to-skin contact or through contact with someone else who is infected with it. Infestation is easily spread to partners and household members. Infestation may also occur by sharing clothing, towels, and bedding. Scabies is transmitted readily, often throughout an entire household, by skin-to-skin contact with an infected person (e.g. bed partners, schoolmates, daycare). The S scabiei var hominis mite that infects humans is female and can just be seen with the naked eye (0.3-0.4 mm long). The male is about one half this size. The male fertilizes the female on human skin and then dies. Newly mated females burrow into human skin, using proteolytic enzymes to dissolve the stratum corneum of the epidermis. The mite has 4 pairs of legs and tracheal breaths and thus does not penetrate deeper than the outer layer of the epidermis. The female deposits eggs in the burrows, and then the eggs incubate and hatch after 3-5 days (range up to 8 d). About 90% of the hatched mites die, but those that survive go through various molting stages and reach maturity after a little more than 2 weeks. Treatment generally involves applying a medicated lotion to your entire body. This lotion should be applied from the neck downwards, paying special attention to skin folds around the wrist, knees, and elbows, and to the webbing between the fingers. Both have strong anti-microbial properties.
5.Apply lotions containing gamma benzene hexachloride or sulphur, available in the market under trade names such as scabiol and gammascab. These should be applied on the whole skin below the neck at night. All the red bumps should be scratched before application.
For an instance, when cats acquire scabies, they would experience the same itch at night and may perhaps show different behavioural signs. For the most part, scabies in cats is referred to as mange and would leave your pet very uncomfortable when the condition is left untreated.
There are several medications available in the market as long as cat scabies are concerned. However, you must assess the physical condition of the cat before it is exposed to different kinds of prescriptions. For an instance, your cats may be allergic to some ingredients in the medications. A majority of medicines available for scabies would work towards eliminating the mites and hence can turn out to be pretty strong for the animal.
On the other hand, there are a series of home medications you could use, so as to alleviate the symptoms of scabies. Apart from using these medications, it is important to restrict contact with the cat since the condition is infectious in nature. The mites can easily transfer from one host to another and lead to further infestations. Also, you must ensure that the surroundings are clean enough, so as to facilitate faster recovery for your cats.